Allegro moderato: Moderately quick
fz: (forzando) forcing, strongly accenting
poco stringendo: gradually getting slightly faster
riten: (ritenuto) held back
a tempo: in time, indicating a return to the original speed
un poco con moto: a little with movement
a tempo ma tranquillo: in time, but calm
Moderato assai: At an extremely moderate speed
dim. poco a poco: gradually getting softer, a little by little
allargando: broading, i.e. getting a little slower and probably also a little louder.
marcato: emphatic, accented
largamente e pesante: broadly and heavy
poco largamente: a little broadly
molto largament: Very broadly
ten.: tenuto held
tremolo: trembling, a direction for the rapid reiterations of a single note
Question: Does anyone know what Meno moderato e poco a poco ravvivando means?
I have no clue what ravvivando refers to.
I looked back to the time when I had first started out rehearsing Sibelius' Symphony No. 2, I think it is pleasant to know that I now can better relate to Sibelius musical ideas. I used to be clueless on what his music was trying to convey.
According to the programme notes by Marc Rochester which I had came across some time ago, Sibelius wrote this symphony outside his homeland, Finland. He was setting off wth his family in 1901 to Italy when he decided to write the second symphony. "Sibelius' Symphony No. 2 is the most unambiguously nationalist of all his seven symphonies." Perhaps the act of having to work on this symphony in a country so very different from his homeland could have fired Sibelius' nationalist sentiments.
I suppose I did not know how to relate to this symphony at the very beginning because I don't live in Finland nor have I been to Finland!
Anyway, here's a suggested recording to listen to:
Symphony no 2 in D major, Op. 43 by Jean Sibelius
Conductor: Paavo Berglund
Orchestra/Ensemble: Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
Written: 1901-1902; Finland
Release Date: 11/20/2001
Label: Emi Classics
Catalog #: 74485
Spars Code: n/a
Or you can listen to the 3rd and 4th movement of Sibelius' Symphony No. 2 live in Singapore, on 16 Mar 2007 (Fri).
Please click the following URL for more details:
- Eric Taylor's The AB Guide to Music Theory.
- Programme notes by Marc Rochester, found on Singapore Symphony Orchestra's programme booklet for SSO 28th Anniversary Concert held 6 Jan 2007.
My attempt to revise for music theory